Built-in Web Server (easy)¶
Moin comes with a simple built-in web server powered by Werkzeug, which is suitable for development, debugging, and personal and small group wikis.
It is not made for serving bigger loads, but it is easy to use.
Please note that by default the built-in server uses port 8080. As this is above port 1024, root (Administrator) privileges are not required and we strongly recommend that you use a normal, unprivileged user account instead. If you are running a desktop wiki or doing moin development, then use your normal login user.
Running the built-in server¶
Run the moin built-in server as follows:
# easiest for debugging (single-process, single-threaded server): ./m run # Windows: "m run" # or, if you need another configuration file, ip address, or port: ./m run --config /path/to/wikiconfig.py --host 18.104.22.168 --port 7777
While the moin server is starting up, you will see some log output, for example:
2016-01-11 13:30:05,394 INFO werkzeug:87 * Running on http://127.0.0.1:8080/ (Press CTRL+C to quit)
Now point your browser at that URL - your moin wiki is running!
Stopping the built-in server¶
To stop the wiki server, either use Ctrl-C or close the window.
Debugging with the built-in server¶
Werkzeug has a debugger that may be used to analyze tracebacks. As of version 0.11.0, a pin number is written to the log when the server is started:
INFO werkzeug:87 * Debugger pin code: 123-456-789
The pin code must be entered once per debugging session. If you will never use the built-in server for public access, you may disable the pin check by adding:
to your OS’s environment variables. See Werkzeug docs for more information.
Using the built-in server for production¶
Using the built-in server for public wikis is not recommended. Should you wish to do so, turn off the werkzeug debugger and auto reloader by passing the -d and -r flags. The wikiconfig.py settings of DEBUG = False and TESTING = False are ignored by the built-in server. You must use the -d and -r flags. See Werkzeug docs for more information.:
./m run --host 0.0.0.0 --port 80 -d -r
External Web Server (advanced)¶
We won’t go into details about using moin under an external web server, because every web server software is different and has its own documentation, so please read the documentation that comes with it. Also, in general, server administration requires advanced experience with the operating system, permissions management, dealing with security, the server software, etc.
In order to use MoinMoin with another web server, ensure that your web server can talk to the moin WSGI application, which you can get using this code:
from MoinMoin.app import create_app application = create_app('/path/to/config/wikiconfig.py')
MoinMoin is a Flask application, which is a micro framework for WSGI applications, so we recommend you read Flask’s good deployment documentation.
Make sure you use create_app() as shown above to create the application, because you can’t import the application from MoinMoin.
Continue reading here: http://flask.pocoo.org/docs/deploying/
In case you run into trouble with deployment of the moin WSGI application, you can try a simpler WSGI app first. See docs/examples/deployment/test.wsgi.
As long as you can’t make test.wsgi work, the problem is not with moin, but rather with your web server and WSGI app deployment method.
When the test app starts doing something other than Server Error 500, please proceed with the MoinMoin app and its configuration. Otherwise, read your web server error log files to troubleshoot the issue from there.
Check contents of /contrib/wsgi/ for sample wsgi files for your server.